Home & School
The Developmental Reading Assessment (DRA) is a set
of individually administered criterion-referenced reading assessments for
students in kindergarten through Grade 6. Modeled after an informal reading
inventory, the DRA is intended to be administered, scored, and interpreted
by classroom teachers. There are two instruments in the DRA series: the
Developmental Reading Assessment, Kindergarten through Grade 3, which
includes the DRA Word Analysis, and the Developmental Reading Assessment,
How is it used?
The DRA2 K–3 and 4-6 are intended to identify students’ independent reading
level, defined as a text on which students meet specific criteria in terms
of accuracy, fluency, and comprehension. Additional purposes include
identifying students’ reading strengths and weaknesses, planning
instruction, monitoring reading growth, and, for the DRA2 4–8, preparing
students to meet classroom and testing expectations and providing
information to stakeholders regarding reading achievement levels. The DRA
Word Analysis is designed to evaluate the phonological awareness and phonics
skills of students in kindergarten and early first grade and the word
analysis skills of below-grade-level readers in Grades 1 through 5.
How will it affect my child?
Once your child’s reading level is determined, the teachers will have an
abundance of resources at their disposal, making it possible to focus on
instructional requirements and tailor teaching based on specific needs of
the students in their classroom. Using the DRA results, the teachers can
identify critical points of intervention and compare student progress with
benchmark expectations. They can also allocate instructional materials and
personnel resources to effectively group students based on individual needs.